High blood pressure or Hypertension is a clinical condition in which the systolic blood pressure is more than 140 mm of Hg and diastolic pressure is more than 90 mm of Hg. Chronic hypertension has a very devastating effect to almost all the vital organs of the body like heart, brain, kidneys, eyes etc. Long lying hypertension usually leads to heart attack, stroke, brain hemorrhage, renal failure and loss of vision. So, it must be diagnosed in time and tightly controlled.
High blood pressure or hypertension is usually classified as essential and non essential hypertension. Almost 90% of the individuals having high blood pressure suffer from essential hypertension having no specific cause. Rest 10% have non essential hypertension secondary to some anatomical or physiological defect in the body.
Essential hypertension or high blood pressure is the one that can be prevented and even controlled with the help of natural remedies. Here are the few remedies;
Lifestyle modification – it encompasses all the aspects of controlling hypertension. It primarily includes improving dietary habits, doing physical activity daily and controlling weight.
Physical activity – a brisk walk or jogging for at least forty minutes per day is necessary for lowering blood pressure. Moreover, other activities like yoga and aerobic exercises are very helpful in reducing both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Dietary modification – Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) have been introduced all over the world. Studies have shown that DASH has very promising results in overall reduction of morbidity associated with high blood pressure. This includes increased use of fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy products, beans and nuts. Numerous studies have shown that this dietary approach reduces the blood pressure in almost two weeks.
Garlic – studies have shown that garlic can help in the reduction of both the diastolic and systolic blood pressure in both the normal and hypertensive individuals. It must be used with caution as it is a blood thinning agent and may cause bleeding if used excessively or with other blood thinning drugs.
Other supplements like Hawthorn, fish oil, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and folic acid are also known to reduce the blood pressure in the individuals. They must be included in our daily diet.
Other micronutrient supplements like potassium, calcium and magnesium are also very effective in reducing the systolic as well as diastolic blood pressure. All these micronutrients must be monitored regularly in order to prevent hypertension or high blood pressure.