You all must be aware of this fact that pain can be both physical and mental or psychological. So, in order to manage the pain in a effective way, one has to address both the physical and psychological factors contributing to the pain. Only in this way we will be able to control the pain in a befitting manner.
Common physical causes of pain may be trauma, cancer, abnormal posture, muscle spasm, post operative or any sort of inflammatory process going on in the specific part of the body. So, allopathy concentrates on reducing the inflammation by administering the non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Here, I would like to mention that all these drugs do have multiple side effects and their long term use for chronic pain can be devastating for the body. In order to avoid the unwanted side effects a multitude of natural and herbal pain remedies have been discovered so far;
Capsaicin – it is the best pain relieving substance marketed all over the world with different brand names. It is derived from the hot chilly peppers. Studies show that substance P in the peripheral nervous system is the primary pain mediating substance in the human body. Capsaicin inhibits the production of substance P in that specific area and thus relieves the pain.
Other common natural substances used for the pain management act by decreasing the inflammation and resemble non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs but with no side effects. Common examples are Ginger, Turmeric, St John’s Wort, Fever few, Valerian root etc. Some of these substances are very effective in relieving muscular spasms causing abdominal pain.
Another common technique for the pain management is massage. Studies have shown that massage increases the levels of serotonin and endorphins in the body. Both the hormones or neurotransmitters are the naturally occurring pain killers in the human body. It also decreases the levels of stress hormones in the body, thus reducing the pain.
In order to address the psychological or mental causes of pain we must know that how mental stress can cause physical pain. Here comes the role of autonomic nervous system because whenever an individual is in stress sympathetic nervous system activates resulting in unusual and abnormal contraction of the skeletal and smooth muscles. This causes pain in different parts of the body. Although massage is very effective in stress management and relieving anxiety, however, the role of cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis and meditation is very important for the management of chronic aches and pains.